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无锡瑞升不锈钢反应锅:加氢反应器介绍

FABUSHIJIAN:2019-03-19 11:54:00 DIANJI:    

 酒精回收塔,不锈钢反应锅,真空耙式干燥机

无锡瑞升不锈钢反应锅2019年3月19日讯  加氢反应器是加氢裂化装置的核心设备,它操作于高温、高压、临氢(含H2S)环境下,且进入反应器内的物料中往往含有硫和氮等杂质。由于加氢反应器使用条件苛刻,在反应器的发展历史上主要围绕提高反应器使用的安全性。 所以无论是设计还是制造 ,除了需要强调使用性能外,还必须强调其安全性能。

1.影响加氢过程的因素


1.1QINGQIFENYA

       提高氢分压有利于加氢过程反应的进行,加快反应速度。亚博体育彩票在固定反应温度及其他条件下,压力对转化深度有正的影响。 产品的质量受氢分压影响较大。

1.2 反应温度

       影响反应速率和产品的分布和质量。

1.3 空速

      空速影响反应器的体积和催化剂用量,降低空速对于提高加氢过程反应的转化率是有利的。

1.4 氢油比

      氢油比对加氢过程的影响主要有三个方面:影响反应的过程;影响催化剂使用寿命;过高的氢油比将增加装置的操作费用及设备投资。


2.加氢反应器可能发生的主要损伤型式有哪些呢?

2.1 高温氢腐蚀

亚博体育彩票       ZAIGAOWENGAOYACAOZUOZHUANGTAIXIA,QINRUBINGKUOSANZAIGANGZHONGDEQINGYUGURONGTANHUOBUWENDINGDETANHUAWUFASHENGHUAXUEFANYING,SHENGCHENGJIAWAN;

                       JI Fe3C+4[H]→CH4+3Fe。

亚博体育彩票       YINGXIANGGAOWENQINGFUSHIDEZHUYAOYINSUWENDU、YALIHEBAOLUSHIJIANDEYINGXIANG、HEJINYUANSUHEZAZHIYUANSUDEYINGXIANG、RECHULIDEYINGXIANG、YINGLIDEYINGXIANG。


2.2 QINGCUI

亚博体育彩票       QINGCUISHIYOUYUQINGCANLIUZAIGANGZHONGSUOYINQIDECUIHUAXIANXIANG。CHANSHENGLEQINGCUIDEGANGCAI,QIYANSHENLVHEDUANMIANSHOUSUOLVXIANZHUXIAJIANG。


2.3 GAOWENH2SFUSHI

亚博体育彩票       LIUHUAQINGHEQINGQIGONGCUNTIAOJIANXIA,BILIUHUAQINGDANDUCUNZAISHIDUIGANGCAICHANSHENGDEFUSHIHAIYAOGENGWEIJULIEHEYANZHONG。QIFUSHISUDUYIBANSUIZHEWENDUDESHENGGAOERZENGJIA。


亚博体育彩票 2.4 LIANDUOLIUSUANYINGLIFUSHIKAILIE

亚博体育彩票        LIANDUOLIUSUAN(H2SXO6,x=3-6)YUZUOYONGDUIXIANGZHONGCUNZAIDELAYINGLIGONGTONGZUOYONGFASHENGDEKAILIEXIANXIANG。


2.5 GEMU(Cr-Mo)GANGDEHUIHUOCUIXING

       GEMUGANGZAI325~575℃WENDUFANWEINEIZHANGSHIJIANBAOCHIHUOCONGCIWENDUFANWEIHUANMANDILENGQUESHI,QICAILIAODEPOHUAIRENXINGJIUYINQILIEHUADEXIANXIANG,ZHEISHIYOUYUGANGZHONGDEWEILIANGZAZHIYUANSUHEHEJINYUANSUXIANGYUANAOSHITIJINGJIEPIANXI,SHIJINGJIENINGJILIXIAJIANGSUOZHI。


亚博体育彩票 2.6 AOSHITIBUXIUGANGDUIHANCENGDEBOLI

亚博体育彩票        FANYINGQIBENTICAILIAODECr-MoGANGHEDUIHANCENGYONGDEAOSHITIBUXIUGANGJUYOUBUTONGDEQINGRONGJIEDUHEKUOSANSUDU,SHIDUIHANCENGGUODUQUDEDUIHANCENGCECHUXIANLEHENGAODEQINGNONGDU;ZAIGAOWENGAOYACAOZUOZHUANGTAIXIAQINGXIANGFANYINGQIQIBIQINRU,ZAITINGGONGSHIQINGHUICONGQIBIZHONGYICHU。CONGERDAOZHIAOSHITIBUXIUGANGDUIHANCENGDEBOLI。

2.加氢反应器的设计方法

      SHEJIFANGFAZHUYAOYOUCHANGGUISHEJIHEFENXISHEJILIANGZHONGJISUANFANGFA。


2.1 CHANGGUISHEJIFA

亚博体育彩票      CHANGGUISHEJIJIYUDANXINGSHIXIAOZHUNZE,KEGONGSHIYONGDEGUIFANYOUMEIGUOASME《GUOLUJIYALIRONGQIGUIFAN》DIⅧJUANDIYICEYIJIWOGUOGB150-2011《YALIRONGQI》DENG。

CHANGGUISHEJIZHUYAOJISUANJIFUZHURUANJIANYOU:

           ZHENDUIASMEGUIFANDEPVElite-2017 

亚博体育彩票            ZHENDUIGB150DESW6-2011


2.2 分析设计法


     FENXISHEJIJIYUSUXINGSHIXIAOZHUNZE,KEGONGSHIYONGDEGUIFANYOUMEIGUOASME GUOLUJIYALIRONGQIGUIFAN》DIⅧJUANDIERCEYIJIWOGUOJB4732《GANGZHIYALIRONGQI——FENXISHEJIBIAOZHUN》DENG。


     “FENXISHEJI”YAOQIUDUIFANYINGQIDEYOUGUANBUWEIDEYINGLIJINXINGXIANGXIJISUANJIANYINGLIDEXINGZHIJINXINGFENLEI,BINGDUIGELEIYINGLIJIQIZUHEJINXINGPINGJIA,TONGSHIDUICAILIAO、ZHIZAO、JIANYANTICHULEBI“CHANGGUISHEJI”GENGGAODEYAOQIU,CONGERTIGAOLESHEJIDEZHUNQUEXINGYUSHIYONGKEKAOXING,DANXIANGDUISHEJIFEIYONGDADAZENGJIA。


       FENXISHEJIZHUYAOJISUANJIFUZHURUANJIANYOU:

           ANSYSJINGDIANBANHEworkbenchYOUXIANYUANYINGLIFENXIRUANJIAN


酒精回收塔,不锈钢反应锅,真空耙式干燥机


3.加氢反应器在设计上需要注意什么呢?


3.1GAOWENQINGFUSHI

     ①ZAIXUANCAISHANG。

    a)ZHENGQUEXUANZENENGDIKANGQINGFUSHIDECAILIAO,YANGEYIZUIXINBANDENAERXUNQUXIANWEIYIJU;

    b)JINLIANGJIANSHAOGANGCAIZHONGDUIQINGFUSHIBULIYINGXIANGDEZAZHIYUANSU(RUSn、Sb);

亚博体育彩票     c)ZHUCAIYINGCAIYONGZHENGHUO(YUNXUJIASULENGQUE)+HUIHUODECHULIZHIDU,BUYUNXUCUIHUO。

     ②ZAIRECHULISHANG。SHEBEIBIXUJINXINGHANHOURECHULI。

     ③ZAICAOZUOZHIDAOSHANG。

亚博体育彩票         a)YANGEJINZHISHEBEICHAOWEN;

        b)KONGZHIWAIJIAYINGLISHUIPING(BUYAOJIJUSHENGWENHUOZHEJIANGWEN,SHENGYAHUOZHEJIANGYA)。


3.2QINGCUI

    ①QINGCUIDEMINGANXINGYIBANSHISUIGANGCAIQIANGDUDETIGAOERZENGJIA;GANGCAIQIANGDUBUYAOCHAOGUOSHEJIGUIDINGZHI。QIEYAOZHUYIJIANGDIHANJIEREYINGXIANGQUDEYINGDU,SUOYISHEJIWENJIANYINGGAIGUIDINGHANFENGJIQIREYINGXIANGQUDEYINGDU。


    ②GANGDEXIANWEIZUZHIDUIQINGCUIYOUYINGXIANG,TONGGUOWUSUNJIANCEXIAOCHUHONGGUANQUEXIAN。


亚博体育彩票     ③CANYUYINGLIDUIQINGCUIYOUYINGXIANG,TONGGUORECHULIXIAOCHUCANYUYINGLI。


亚博体育彩票 3.3 GAOWENH2SFUSHI

      NEIBIDUIHANTP309L+TP347AOSHITIBUXIUGANG(AOSHITIBUXIUGANGDIKANGGAOWENH2SFUSHINENGLIHENQIANG)。


亚博体育彩票 3.4  LIANDUOLIUSUANYINGLIFUSHIKAILIE

     ①XUANYONGCHAODITANHUOWENDINGXINGDEBUXIUGANG,RUTp321、Tp347。

     ②JIEGOUSHEJISHANGYINGJINLIANGBIMIANYOUYINGLIJIZHONGDEJIEGOU。


亚博体育彩票 3.5 GEMU(Cr-Mo)GANGDEHUIHUOCUIXING

亚博体育彩票        SHEJISHIYANGEKONGZHICAILIAOHUAXUECHENGFENZHONGDEZAZHIYUANSU(RUP、Sn、As、Sb)HEMOUXIEHEJINYUANSU(RUSi、MnDENG)


亚博体育彩票 3.6 AOSHITIBUXIUGANGDUIHANCENGDEBOLI

    ①ZAIXUANCAISHANG。CONGCAIZHISHANGJIAYIGAIJIN,LIRUJIANGDICr-MoGANGMUCAIZHONGDECHANLIANG,ERTONGGUOTIANJIAVDENGNENGMIBUYOUYUCLIANGDEJIANGDIKENENGYINGXIANGQIANGDUXIAJIANGDEYUANSU,KONGZHITp.347DUIHANJINSHUZHONGDENbDESHIDANGHANLIANGDENGDENG;


酒精回收塔,不锈钢反应锅,真空耙式干燥机


4.加氢反应器在制造上需要注意什么呢?


4.1GAOWENQINGFUSHI

亚博体育彩票       ZAIZHIZAOSHANG,YINGCAIYONGJIANXINGHANTIAO,KONGZHIHANTIAODEHANSHUILIANG,HANJIECAILIAOXUZUORONGFUJINSHUKUOSANQINGSHIYAN。HANJIESHIYINGHANQIANYURE,KONGZHICENGJIANWENDU,HANHOUXIAOQING。SHEBEIBIXUJINXINGHANHOURECHULI。 


4.2QINGCUI

      ZAIZHIZAOSHANG,

     a)JINLIANGJIANSHAOYINGBIANFUDU,JIANGDIREYINGLIHEBIMIANYINGLIJIZHONG。RUJIADADAOJIAO,CAIYONGYUANHUAGUODUDEJIEGOU,KONGZHIHANFENGYUGAO。


亚博体育彩票      b)JINLIANGBAOCHITp.347DUIHANJINSHUHUOHANJIEJINSHUYOUJIAOGAODEYANXING。KONGZHITp.347BUXIUGANGDUIHANJINSHUZHONGDEδTIESUTIHANLIANGXIAOYU10%(XIAXIANYINGDAYU3%);DUIYURONGYIFASHENGQINGCUIDEBUWEITP.347YAOZAIPWHTHOUJINXING。GUIDINGSHIYIDEHANHOURECHULIGUIFAN,JINLIANGJIANSHAOδTIESUTIZHUANBIANCHENGσXIANGDELIANG。


4.3GAOWENH2SFUSHI

亚博体育彩票       ZAIZHIZAOSHANG,ZHIZAOCHANGYINGFUYANCAILIAODELIU、LINHANLIANG,YANGEKONGZHIHANFENGHEMUCAIREYINGXIANGQUDEYINGDU,RECHULIQIANHOUJISHICELIANGQIYINGDUZHI。SHEBEIHANJIEWANBIHOU,HANJIEJIETOUCHULEYAOZUO100%RTJIANCE,HAIYINGZENGJIA100%UTJIANCE,QUEBAOHANFENGWUQUEXIAN。


亚博体育彩票 4.4LIANDUOLIUSUANYINGLIFUSHIKAILIE

       ZHIZAOSHANGYAOJINLIANGXIAOCHUHUOJIANQINGYOUYULENGJIAGONGHEHANJIEYINQIDECANYUYINGLI,BINGZHUYIJIAGONGCHENGBUXINGCHENGYINGLIJIZHONGHUOYINGLIJIZHONGJINKENENGXIAODEJIEGOU。BUYUNXUDAHANFENGGANGYIN,YANJINQIANGLIZUZHUANG,CAIYONGHESHIDERECHULIGONGYI,XIAOCHUHANJIEYINGLIHELENGJIAGONGYINGLI。


4.5GEMU(Cr-Mo)GANGDEHUIHUOCUIXING

      ZHIZAOSHANGJINLIANGJIANSHAOREJIAGONGDECISHU,JIANSHAOZHIZAOGUOCHENGDUIGEMU(Cr-Mo)GANGHUIHUOCUIXINGDEYINGXIANG,TONGSHIZUOMONIZHENGGEREJIAGONGGUOCHENGDEMONIRECHULISHIBAN,JIANYANCAILIAODEGEXIANGLIXUEXINGNENG,MONIZHENGGEREJIAGONGGUOCHENGDUICAILIAODESUNSHANG。


亚博体育彩票 4.6AOSHITIBUXIUGANGDUIHANCENGDEBOLI

      ZHIZAOSHANGZUODUIHANGONGYIPINGDING,XUANZEHESHIDEDUIHANFANGFA,CAIYONGDADIANLIU、GAOHANSUDEDUIHANFANGFA。(RUYOUYANJIUJIEGUOBIAOMING,CAIYONGDAYU20Cm/minDEGAOHANSU、DAYUE25%DESHIDANGXISHICHUANJINXINGDUIHANDEDUIHANCENGJUYOUJIAOHAODEKANGBOLINENGLI。ZONGZHIDUIHANSHIYAOSHEFABIMIANSHENGCHENGCUJING)。XUANQUHESHIDEHANHOURECHULITIAOJIAN(HANHOURECHULIWENDU、BAOCHISHIJIANDUIYUKANGBOLIXINGNENGYOUHENDAYINGXIANG)(HENGWENJIEQING)。


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